Title Seawater temperature data from intertidal rockpools in Elands Bay, 1 to 13 February 2024
Project Conservation Physiology Programme
Authors

Tanya Haupt
Oceans and Coastal Research, Department of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment (DFFE); role: Production Scientist; contact details: email: thaupt@dffe.gov.za

Liesl Janson
Oceans and Coastal Research, Department of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment (DFFE); role: Technician; contact details: email: LJanson@dffe.gov.za

Lutz Auerswald
Fisheries Research, Department of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment (DFFE); role: Specialist Scientist; contact details: email: LAuerswald@dffe.gov.za

Publisher Department of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment (2024)
Contributors

Contact Person: Tanya Haupt
Oceans and Coastal Research, Department of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment (DFFE); role: Production Scientist; contact details: email: thaupt@dffe.gov.za

Project Member: Laurenne Snyders
Fisheries Research, Department of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment (DFFE); role: Technician; contact details: email: LSnyders@dffe.gov.za

Project Member: Ricardo Williamson
Fisheries Research, Department of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment (DFFE); role: Technician; contact details: email: RWilliamson@dffe.gov.za

Project Member: Toufiek Samaai
Oceans and Coastal Research, Department of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment (DFFE); role: Specialist Scientist; contact details: email: TSamaai@dffe.gov.za

Project Member: Kezia Samuels
Oceans and Coastal Research, Department of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment (DFFE); role: Intern; contact details: email: KSamuels@dffe.gov.za

Abstract To better understand the physiological effects of climate change and ocean acidification on marine organisms, information on the environmental conditions experienced in their natural habitats is required. Data from long-term monitoring studies capture in situ variability of environmental parameters that are used to relate experimental findings with field conditions. Elands Bay on the west coast of South Africa is a key location for such research and monitoring. It is a popular location for West Coast rock lobster fishing and therefore an important sentinel site for a commercial fishery species and the benthic communities upon which it depends. Low pH conditions exist along the west coast due to effects of upwelling, while cold-bottom waters in Elands Bay often result in low oxygen events responsible for mass walkouts of rock lobster. Additional exposure to extreme stressors associated with climate change can exacerbate impacts on their physiological processes. For example, acute thermal stress experienced during a marine heatwave may cause a rapid deterioration of cellular processes and performances beyond tolerance limits, affecting survival, growth and development. In South Africa, occurrences of marine heatwaves are increasing all along the coastline, and occur on average at least once a year. Data on temperature extremes are therefore important to design experiments and calculate thermal windows. We initiated long-term monitoring of inshore environmental parameters in Elands Bay by deploying temperature loggers in representative habitat types: intertidal rock pools varying in surface area, volume and position along the shore, sun-exposed habitats, and subtidal habitats. Five rockpools situated at least 5m apart were chosen, and in each rockpool, two HOBO TidbiT temperature loggers set to record temperature measurements every five minutes are deployed at different positions (always North facing) using two methods - (i) attached via a cable tie to an iBOLT drilled into the rock (usually at a shallow position), (ii) inside a plastic housing embedded in a cement mooring block (usually at a deeper position). The mooring block is held in place by a chain secured to a rock. Significantly different temperature readings between the two deployment methods are recorded, with iBOLT loggers usually yielding higher temperatures. Temperature loggers attached to iBOLTs are however more conspicuous and therefore subject to theft, with loss of data. Here we present the cleaned up version of temperature measurements from intertidal rockpools from 1 to 13 February 2024.
Methods The details of each pool are captured in the 'README' file. The HOBO TidbiT temperature loggers were set to record temperature every 5 minutes. In each rockpool, two temperature loggers are deployed at different positions (always North facing) using two methods - (i) attached via a cable tie to an iBOLT drilled into the rock (usually at a shallow position), (ii) inside a plastic housing embedded in a cement mooring block (usually at a deeper position). The mooring block is held in place by a chain secured to a rock. Data were extracted from the loggers using HOBOware Pro software and exported into Excel files. Times are GMT+2. The data available are the raw files (all temperatures even outside of the rockpools) and 'clean' files where only the temperatures recorded once loggers were placed into the rockpools are provided. Clean data are presented here for each pool (x2 loggers per pool) although gaps do exist where iBOLT loggers are missing or loggers failed to record. To avoid the inclusion of any 'handling' temperatures in the clean datasets, the temperatures extracted are from ten minutes once loggers are deployed, and 10 minutes before they are removed to download data.
Data
Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)
Temporal extent 01 Feb 2024 – 13 Feb 2024
Geographic extent

Elands Bay, South Africa

North: -32.315
South: -32.316944
West: 18.323333
East: 18.333333

Keywords intertidal, logger, SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN, temperature
Related resources
  • This digital object continues Seawater temperature data from intertidal rockpools in Elands Bay, 1 to 31 January 2024 (10.15493/DEA.MIMS.14372023)
  • This digital object is new version of Raw seawater temperature data from intertidal rockpools in Elands Bay, 18 October 2023 to 13 February 2024 (10.15493/DEA.MIMS.14332023)
  • This digital object is part of Long-term monitoring of inshore temperatures in Elands Bay to support physiological research (10.15493/DEA.MIMS.13912023)